All business entities, including external companies, must first register with the Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO) in Barbados. Main types of business are governed by:
|Relevant documents||Registration of Business Names Act Companies Act|
|Relevant institutions||International Business Unit Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO)|
The procedure for registering an unincorporated business is simple and can be expedited within two business days.
A company name search should first be conducted. Applicants may elect to do this online or may submit a Name Search and Reservation Form to CAIPO, listing at least two names in order of preference. The cost of a business name reservation is BDS$30.00.
An application for
registration form is then submitted and, once the name is acceptable, a certificate of
registration is issued at a cost of BDS$104.00. The certificate is valid
until the principals file for cessation of the business. The company should also register with the Barbados Revenue Authority, the Labour Department and National Insurance Department prior to commencing operations.
On completing registration of the business name, the following steps are required:
If 100% of the entity's earnings will be in foreign currency, you may submit an application for a foreign currency permit (FCP) to the International Business Unit. FCP holders are entitled to certain benefits.
Secure a license from the appropriate regulatory body, e.g, the Financial Services Commission for insurance companies, the Central Bank of Barbados for financial institutions.
Register the business for statutory obligations with the following:
o Barbados Revenue Authority: company registration number from CAIPO entered into Tax Administration Management System (TAMIS)
o National Insurance Department
o Labour Department
|Relevant documents||Companies Act, CAP308 Companies Amendment Act 2018-42 Companies (Economic Substance) Act Foreign Currency Permits Act Corporate and Trust Service Providers Act|
|Relevant institutions||The Financial Services Commission The Central Bank of Barbados Barbados Revenue Authority Labour Department International Business Unit National Insurance Department Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO) Invest Barbados|
The following documents are required to establish a new company:
The Companies Act defines an external company as an incorporated or unincorporated entity formed under the laws of a country other than Barbados. In order to conduct business in Barbados an external company must first register with CAIPO and pay the applicable registration fee of BDS$3,000.00.
To complete the registration process, the company is required to submit a statement on the prescribed form (Form 28), accompanied by the following documents:
|Relevant documents||Application for Registration-External Company (Form 28)|
|Relevant institutions||Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO)|
Invest Barbados is an economic development agency of the government of Barbados with lead responsibility for promoting the country as a domicile of choice for global business and for international investment. Its main services include:
In considering whether an environmental impact assessment may be required, projects are categorized as follows:
The EIA must include an analysis of the potential social impact. In Barbados this may necessitate collaboration with a number of agencies such as the Environmental Protection Department, the Coastal Zone Management Unit of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs, and the Ministry of Agriculture if a change of land use is required. The developer is mandated to hold public meetings which must be advertised in the local press for a period of at least 28 days before the scheduled date. The purpose of the meetings is to inform members of the general public, and to receive their feedback / views, about the proposed project.
The EIA application must be submitted to the Town and Country Development Planning Office for approval, which may be granted within 3-4 months, in normal circumstances. This time frame may be extended where there is significant public objection to the project or serious concerns regarding the potential negative impacts.
Concerns were raised with regards to the time taken and physical paperwork required to establish a business. Government has rolled out its digitisation programme, which will significantly improve the ease of doing business.. The process for obtaining sector permits in banking and insurance was reported to be well-managed. The approval process for environmental impact assessments was seen as slow. Establishing bank accounts can require extensive paperwork.
At the end of 2020, Barbados' population was estimated to be around 271,021, of which 48.4 percent were male and 51.6 percent female. The average life expectancy at birth is 78 years which is above the average life expectancy at birth of the global population (about 71 years), according to the Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations. Barbados also boasts of one of the highest rates of centenarians per capita in the world.
Barbados has a well-educated labour force comprising approximately 139,700 persons. The unemployment rate is around 10 percent.
The Barbados education system is based on the British model and is compulsory for children between ages 5-16. Traditionally, education has benefited from a significant portion of the government's annual budget expenditure (over 20 percent) and it is provided free of cost to nationals at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels. There are also a number of privately operated schools on island which provide education at the primary and secondary levels on a fee-paying basis.
With a literacy rate of 98 percent, one of Barbados' greatest competitive
advantages is its pool of well educated, skilled human resources. The UN
Human Development Index 2020, ranks Barbados 8th in the
Americas and 58th in the world in terms of educational attainment, as
measured by adult literacy and enrolment at primary, secondary and
tertiary level institutions.
Main tertiary level institutions:
Additionally, the Barbados Vocational Training Board was set up by the government to provide technical and vocational training, while the Barbados Accreditation Council establishes guidelines, procedures and standards for training institutions
seeking accredited status and also certifies whether those institutions meet the requirements.
|Relevant institutions||University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus Barbados Community College Samuel Jackman Prescod Institute of Technology Barbados Institute of Management and Productivity Erdiston Teachers' Training College Ministry of Education, Technological and Vocational Training The Barbados Accreditation Council Barbados Vocational Training Board|
The Ministry of Education, Technological and
Vocational Training is primarily responsible for the formulation of
educational policies, the administration and regulation of education
programmes, as well as national policy and programme development for science, technology, and
The Ministry is committed to a multi-sectoral approach in the delivery of educational services, placing emphasis on identifying the needs of young people and addressing those needs through relevant programmes. Students benefit from a number of services including:
|Relevant documents||Barbados Education Act CAP41|
|Relevant institutions||Ministry of Education, Technological and Vocational Training|
The Employment Rights Act requires employers to provide employees with a written statement of employment particulars on commencement of work. The statement must contain certain details including, job title and description of the duties to be performed, wages rates, normal working hours, period of probation, notice required to terminate the contract, disciplinary and grievance procedures, policies with respect to holidays, sickness/injury, period of employment if temporary, to mention a few.
Where a probationary period is included, this is generally for three months but may be extended if necessary. In normal circumstances, the notice of termination period is usually the time between pay periods, up to a maximum of 30 days. An employee may be terminated for economic, performance or disciplinary reasons. In the event of unfair dismissal, an employee has the right to appeal the decision to the Chief Labour Officer. If not settled at this level, the case is elevated to the Employment Rights Tribunal for final determination.
Workers may exercise their right to join a labour union of their choice. In such instances, terms and conditions are determined by collective agreement.
The Labour Department is responsible for the enforcement of labour legislation. It also provides other services such as workplace inspections, investigation of complaints and industrial relations training, among others. The Department has ratified several ILO conventions including Safety and Health at Work, Protection of Wages, Equality of Treatment, Minimum Age, and numerous others.
The national minimum wage in Barbados is BDS$340 (US$170) per week.
Nevertheless, certain industry norms have been accepted over time. The list below provides an overview of wages/salaries across select industries.
Normal working hours are 40 hours per week. Barbados observes 11 public holidays per year and employees are allowed these days off with pay. Adequate notice must be given if overtime is required. It should be noted, however, that the following holidays are closed for business:
|Senior Manager||USD||4,560 - 8,000||2020||per month plus benefits including company vehicle, entertainment allowance, pension, medical insurance, etc.|
|Middle Manager||USD||2,500 - 5,000||2020||per month plus benefits including travel allowance, medical insurance, mobile phone, pension|
|Engineer||USD||2,500 - 5,000||2020||per month plus benefits including medical insurance|
|Systems Analyst/Programmer||USD||2,000- 5,000||2020||per month plus benefits including medical insurance|
|Skilled Technician||USD||1,500 - 2,500||2020||per month plus benefits|
|Executive Assistant||USD||1,825 - 2,600||2020||per month plus benefits including medical insurance and pension|
|Administrative Assistant||USD||1,500 - 2,500||2020||per month plus benefits including medical insurance and pension|
|Assembly Worker||USD||290 - 375||2020||per week plus benefits|
|Customer Service Representative||USD||325 - 390||2020||per week plus benefits|
Barbados labour legislation makes provision for certain non-wage benefits which must form part of the employment contract, as outlined below.
|Annual sick leave (doctor's certificate required after 3rd consecutive day)||6 days|
|Annual vacation leave with pay||3 weeks after first year of employment and 4 weeks after 5 years|
|Overtime (voluntary)||150% of wages for work in excess of 8 hrs on a normal day; 200% for off days and public holidays|
|Severance pay ( must complete at least 2yrs service to be eligible)||2.5 wks/yr for first 10 yrs, 3 wks/yr for next 10 yrs and 3.5 wks/yr for next 13 yrs|
|Relevant institutions||Labour Department|
All employers, and employees over 16 and under pensionable age, are required to contribute to National Insurance payments. Employees' contributions are deducted from their wages/salaries on maximum insurable earnings of BDS$4,650 (US$2,325) per month or BDS$1,072 (US$536) per week.
Barbados has a reciprocal agreement with some countries regarding national insurance contributions. Under this arrangement investors who make payments in their respective home countries are not required to pay in Barbados.
The scheme is managed by the National Insurance and Social Security Department, one of the agencies with which employers are required to register at the start of operations.
|National Insurance Department||Employer %||Employee %|
|Training fund levy||0.50||0.50|
|Vacation and public holidays||9.00||--|
|Relevant institutions||National Insurance Department|
The first three days of sick leave are considered "waiting days" and are not eligible for benefit unless the illness extends for two weeks or more. To qualify an employee must satisfy the following conditions:
The daily rate for the benefit is 66.6 percent of average insurable weekly earnings, divided by 6.
The Employment of Women (Maternity Leave) Act, CAP 345, guarantees expectant mothers maternity leave of 12 weeks once they have been employed for a minimum of 12 months. An employee's seniority rights, reinstatement to her former or equivalent work and rate of pay are all guaranteed under the Act.
The daily rate for this benefit is 100 percent of average insurable weekly earnings, divided by 6.
The Juries Act, CAP 115B provides for employees to be granted paid leave when summoned to serve on the Jury. Employees are required to report for work when excused from duty.
Contributory old age pension/grant
To qualify for an old age contributory grant a person must be of pensionable age and have at least 50 contributions paid or credited to their account. The grant is a lump sum payment equal to 6 weeks average insurable weekly earnings for each 50 contributions actually paid or credited to the insured person’s account.
To receive a pension an individual must have at least 150 contributions
actually paid into their account and a total of 500 contributions paid or
credited to that account. Pension reform was implemented on January 1, 2003. Therefore, pension calculations depend on the individual's age on December 31,2002, the day prior to implementation.
To qualify for a grant a person must be under the pensionable age; be permanently incapable of working because of a specific disease or physical or mental disability and have at least 50 contributions paid or credited to their account. The grant is equal to 6 weeks out of every 50 (weekly) contributions credited to the person's account.
With the exception of qualified CARICOM nationals, work permits are required for non-nationals to live and work in Barbados. Work permits are approved by the Immigration Department.
The employer must submit an application for a work permit on behalf of a prospective employee and must satisfy the immigration authorities that the individual possesses special skills not available in Barbados. The employer is also required to advertise the position to be filled for a period of two weeks, following which an Objection Notice must be placed in the local press to allow the general public an opportunity to respond. There are two types of work permits:
On approval, the employer pays the required fee and the Immigration Department affixes the appropriate stamp in the employee's passport. A work permit is renewable but non-transferable. If employment with the original employer ceases, the work permit is cancelled. Renewal of work permits may be subject to a requirement to localize the position in due course.
A spouse is granted an extension of stay for a period matching that of the work permit holder. Children of school age are issued a student visa on being offered a place at an educational institution.
Owner-managers of businesses are required to apply for a long term permit.
CARICOM nationals who possess a certificate of recognition from their home country, are permitted to remain in Barbados for an initial period of six months. Provided that the certificate is verified by the Barbados Accreditation Council, such individuals may be granted CARICOM skilled national status enabling them to work in Barbados. Such persons also have the right to establish a business under the Treaty of Chaguaramus as set out in the CARICOM Community Act.
Permanent residence may be granted to persons who have operated businesses and established themselves in Barbados. They may apply for citizenship after seven years as permanent residents.
Barbados does not offer a citizenship by investment programme currently. However, high net worth individuals wishing to spend more of their time in the country or to make it a second home, may be granted a special entry permit (SEP) on investment of a minimum of US$2 million in real estate or securities. Such persons must also satisfy certain other conditions including proof of good character. The SEP programme is administered by the Immigration Department.
The Barbados Welcome Stamp was introduced in June 2020 for remote workers who wish to live and work in Barbados. It is a special 12-month visa for non-nationals who are resident and employed in a country other than Barbados, during which time the visa holder is allowed to travel to and from Barbados freely, from the date of first arrival.
Since starting operations in 1911, the Barbados Light and Power Company Ltd. (BLPC), has been the sole electricity provider in Barbados. In 2011, Emera Inc of Canada acquired a majority of the company's shares through its subsidiary Emera (Caribbean) Inc, which is now the parent company of BLPC.
Electricity service is clean and reliable and is supplied at 110 volts/50 cycles as well as 220 volts. While traditionally generating electricity from fossil fuel and gas, the BLPC currently produces 2.2 percent of energy through its photovoltaic solar plant. The company is actively seeking to significantly increase its generating capacity from alternative energy sources in the near future.
In recent years, a growing number of independent power producers have also been generating energy via solar photovoltaic systems. As this number continues to increase the BLPC anticipates that it will assist the company in meeting its renewable energy goal of 100 percent renewable electricity and 100 percent electrification by 2045.
Cost of electricity
For new or upgraded services, the service charge is BB$ 58.75 for a
single phase supply up to 100 amps, and BB$ 235.00 for a single phase
supply greater than 100 amps and for all three phase supplies.
In addition to the rates listed below, all customers are subject to a fuel clause adjustment (FCA) charge which is influenced mainly by movements in the purchase price of fuel. The FCA is calculated monthly as the sum of the previous month's cost of
energy purchased and cost of fuel consumed, plus any cumulative over and under
recovery, divided by the kWh sales of the previous month. The cost of energy
purchased includes energy purchased from renewable energy resources.
Value added tax is also applied at a rate of 17.5 percent.
|Domestic tariff: 0-150 kWh||USD||0.075||2020||plus a customer charge of US$3.00 on usage of 0-100 kWh; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|Domestic tariff: on next 350 kWh||USD||0.088||2020||plus a customer charge of US$5.00 on usage of 101-500 kWh; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|Domestic tariff: on next 1000 kWh||USD||0.100||2020||plus a customer charge of US$7.00 for usage over 500 kWh; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|Domestic tariff: over 1,500 kWh||USD||0.112||2020||plus US$7.00 customer charge; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|Business tariff, secondary voltage-all kWh||USD||12.00 demand charge per kVA||2020||Based on a minimum demand of 5 kVa|
|Business tariff, secondary voltage-all kWh||USD||0.069 energy charge per kWh||2020||Plus a customer charge of US$10.00; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|Business tariff, large power -all kWh||USD||11.00 demand charge per kVa||2020||Based on a minimum demand of 50 kVa|
|Business tariff, large power -all kWh||USD||0.059 energy charge per kWh||2020||Plus a customer charge of US$150.00; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|General tariff:1-100 kWh||USD||0.092||2020||Plus customer charge of US$7.00; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|General tariff: next 400 kWh||USD||0.108||2020||Plus customer charge of US$7.00; plus fuel adjustment charge|
|General tariff: over 500 kWh||USD||0.129||2020||Plus customer charge of US$7.00; plus fuel adjustment charge|
Barbados water is considered to be of high quality due to the country's limestone formation which serves as a natural filter. Water is generated from three sources, springs, wells and desalination, and is distributed through an extensive network of mains connected to pumping stations and reservoirs strategically located across the island. The Barbados Water Authority (BWA) is responsible for supplying the
country with potable water, as well as, providing wastewater treatment
and disposal services for the capital, Bridgetown and the island's South
An application for new service must be submitted together with the following documentation:
Persons resident outside of Barbados who are applying for service, must appoint a local agent who will accept responsibility for the service in the applicant’s absence as bills are not sent to addresses outside the country.
The BWA normally completes installation within 90 days following receipt of the application.
Domestic customers are billed based on four rate blocs over a 30-day period. A minimum charge of US$16.00 applies. Commercial customers are billed at a flat rate.
|Domestic tariff||USD||1.24 per m3||2020||0-8 m3|
|Domestic tariff||USD||1.55 per m3||2020||9-20 m3|
|Domestic tariff||USD||2.33 per m3||2020||21-40 m3|
|Domestic tariff||USD||3.89 per m3||2020||over 40 m3|
|Commercial tariff||USD||2.33 per m3||2020||over the entire billing period|
|Sewage tariff-domestic||USD||2020||1/3 of total water charges for the billing period|
|Sewage tariff-commercial||USD||2020||2/3 of total water charges for the billing period|
|Relevant institutions||Barbados Water Authority|
Barbados' sound telecommunications infrastructure is among the reasons why the country has consistently attracted international companies providing global business services. Traditionally one of the most networked countries in the region, with over 98 percent of the population having access to landline and mobile telephone services, ongoing upgrades to the telecommunications infrastructure have resulted in island-wide broadband and wireless internet services, inclusive of internet television.
This investment in telecommunications, together with other reliable services such as electricity, have been the foundation for the development of key industries including information communication and technology and financial services, as well as, for the attraction of foreign investment in these areas. Competition and innovation have resulted in significant reduction in telecommunications costs in Barbados over the years.
There are two full service telecommunications and entertainment providers, Cable & Wireless (Barbados) Ltd., rebranded as FLOW and Digicel Barbados. The Telecommunications Unit of the Ministry of Innovation, Science and Smart Technology is the department responsible for implementing government's policy for the sector, including regulatory and licensing functions.
Applications for a license should be submitted on the relevant form (see website), together with the applicable fee, to the Chief Telecommunications Officer. Application fees are non-refundable. Generally licenses are processed and approved within two days, except for the following which are completed within a three to four week period:
Additionally, major licenses such as mobile, telecommunications domestic fixed, domestic fixed wireless, domestic trunking networks, domestic data communications, international telecommunications and VoIP, which require due diligence, are processed in approximately three to four months.
The modernisation and enhancement of Barbados' transport infrastructure has traditionally remained a top priority for successive governments considering its vital role in the country's economic development.
Barbados has an extensive road network providing access to all areas of
the country. A major highway connects the north and south of the island
with links to the east and west.
Both public and privately owned buses provide an efficient island-wide service from 5 a.m. to midnight daily. A standard fare of BDS$3.50 is charged per ride. School children in uniform and senior citizens, over 65 years of age, travel free on government owned buses.
Taxis are available at various locations including all ports of entry, hotels, throughout Bridgetown, along the west and south coasts, as well as on request. A taxi dispatch system is in place at the airport. There is also a wide range of well equipped private vehicle hire services, including rental cars and coaches.
The Grantley Adams International Airport (GAIA) is located to the south-east of the island, approximately 15 - 20 minutes away from the capital, Bridgetown. The GAIA services daily non-stop flights from major international cities such as New York, Miami, Toronto, London and several Caribbean islands. Additionally, twice weekly services are available to Panama.
Among the airlines serving the country are American Airlines, Air Canada, British Airways, Caribbean Airlines, Condor, COPA, Delta, Jet Blue, LIAT, Virgin Atlantic, US Airways, West Jet and several other charter services.
Barbados has the distinction of being one of the few destinations to which the British Airways' Concorde made regularly scheduled commercial flights, particularly during the busy winter season. A retired Concorde aircraft now serves as a Concorde museum, sited on grounds to the east of the main airport.
An executive lounge and business centre cater to select passengers. In addition, high net worth individuals arriving by private jet are facilitated through a private lounge.
The Civil Aviation Department is the civil aviation authority in Barbados with responsibility for ensuring compliance with international aviation standards.
The Port of Bridgetown is one of the most modern in the Caribbean with both a deep water harbour and a shallow draught facility. This multipurpose seaport is well equipped with container handling and berth facilities for ocean-going freighters and passenger vessels, including major luxury liners. Currently there are five berths, with a six under construction which is expected to provide over 300m of additional berth space. The port also continues to upgrade and enhance its cargo
operations through the use of technology based solutions including a new
Terminal Operating System which facilitates real time tracking of
cargo, among other features.
Barbados serves as a home port for a number of cruise lines and has recorded significant growth in these operations. The Barbados Port Inc., which manages the Bridgetown port, has reported cruise passenger arrivals of 853 200 from 422 cruise ship calls in 2019, the highest on record to
date and which represents a 3% increase in arrivals over the previous year.
The government has announced its intention to develop a second cruise facility at Speightstown, in the north of the island, to accommodate super yachts and small luxury class cruise vessels.
|Relevant institutions||Barbados Port Inc|
Typical transport costs are presented below.
|Taxi||US||5.00 - 50.00||2020||depending on distance; taxis are not metered|
|Rental car||US||45.00 - 60.00||2020||per day|
|Airfare||US||550-1,000||2020||round trip economy, Barbados to North America, depending on season|
|Airfare||US||1,200 - 1,500||2020||round trip economy, Barbados to UK, depending on season|
Most of the land in Barbados is privately owned, either by corporations or large landowners with the government holding a minority share. The country's land mass is approximately 106,000 acres of which 27,000 acres are available for agriculture.
Barbados employs a zoning system with respect to land usage and Zone 1 areas, which form part of the country's water table, are subject to special protection. Prior permission for a change of use or for construction must be obtained from the Town and Country Planning Development Office.
The Land Registry Department of the Ministry of Housing and Lands is responsible for maintaining a register of land in Barbados.
There are no restrictions on foreign ownership of real estate in Barbados. However, non-residents are required to finance the purchase from external sources. In addition, they must obtain permission from the Central Bank of Barbados for the purchase, or subsequent sale, of the real estate. As a minority land owner, the government leases land to foreign investors only in special circumstances, for example, where an investment project may be geared towards the development of a new and/or key industry critical to economic growth.
Generally land is acquired from the private sector either by sale, lease or rental. In cases of absolute ownership, transfer of the land is effected via either a certificate of title or deed of conveyance. Documentation relevant to the transaction must be registered with the Registration Office of the Land Registry.
The vendor is liable for stamp duty and property transfer tax. Stamp duty is charged at a rate of 1 percent of the full sale price; while property transfer tax is levied at a rate of 2.5 percent on the value of the sale price in excess of BB$150,000. (see Taxes tab). Both vendor and purchaser should engage the services of a legal professional to effect the transaction on their behalf.
|Relevant institutions||Land Registry Department|
Following is a range of indicative prices for land and accommodation in Barbados. Rates vary depending on location and degree of luxury desired, with the West coast of the island considered more exclusive.
|Vacant land||USD||10 - 25||2020||per sq. ft.|
|Office space-private||USD||35 - 40||2020||per sq. ft. per year|
|Office space-government||USD||14 -16||2020||per sq.ft. per year|
|Factory space-private||USD||12 -15||2020||per sq.ft. per year|
|Factory space- government||USD||6 - 7||2020||per sq.ft. per year|
|Apartment||USD||700 - 1,500||2020||per month|
|House - West coast||USD||2,500 - 6,000||2020||per month|
|House - South coast||USD||2,000 - 4,000||2020||per month|
|Villa - West coast||USD||900 - 10,000||2020||per night|
|Villa - South coast||USD||250 - 1,000||2020||per night|
Applications to construct new buildings are processed by the Town and Country Development Planning Office (TCDP). The documentation requirements are below.
The EPD issues a decision under the Health Services Act, CAP 44, with respect to waste disposal and drainage.
Provided that all documentation is in order, applications are normally approved within 3-4 months, following which the TCDP advises the applicant in writing that permission has been granted to commence construction. The applicant is then required to notify the Chief Town Planner, in writing, of the intended start date. A TCDP representative conducts an onsite inspection of the proposed works prior to commencement. The inspection fee is US$75.
On satisfactory completion of construction, the Chief Town Planner issues a Certificate of Compliance, verifying that the project meets the requirements. The fee for a Certificate of Compliance is US$75.
Currently there are no special economic or export processing zones in Barbados. All Barbados companies, whether domestic or foreign owned, that are exporting their products or services to the global market, are eligible for the same benefits. Several of these enterprises operate from government owned business parks located across the island. Many companies rent accommodation from the wide range of options available in the private sector, while others prefer to build or purchase their own facilities. Ultimately, it is not location, but rather, the nature of the business, which determines a company's eligibility. In other words, if the company:
All businesses must register with the Barbados Revenue Authority (BRA) for their respective tax obligations, including Value Added Tax if earning income in excess of US$100,000 per year. Each company's registration number, issued by the Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office, is entered into the BRA's Tax Administration Management Information System (TAMIS) and each company is provided a unique Tax Information Number (TIN) to be used in all subsequent communication with the BRA.
Businesses are also required to register with the National Insurance Department and the Labour Department. (see Get Started tab).
All business entities must register for corporate income tax. Filing is done annually, either on March 15 or June 15, depending on the company's year-end.
Tax rates are presented below for both domestic and foreign-owned companies.
Special rates exist for insurance entities which are taxed as follows:
|Taxable Income US$||Rate %|
|Up to $500,000||5.50|
|Above $500,000 to $10 million||3.00|
|Above $10 million to $15 million||2.50|
|Above $15 million||1.00|
Employers are required to make the relevant deductions on behalf of
their employees. Self-employed
persons are required to make prepayments three times per year (June, September
Earnings of US$12,500 and under are exempt from income tax, while earnings in excess of this amount are subject to tax as indicated below.
However, residents earning up to US$12,500 per annum but earning no more than US$1041.50 per month are entitled to a reverse tax credit of US $650.00. Individuals who earn above US$12,500 and up to US$17,500 benefit from a compensatory income credit of US$625.00 per person.
Individuals over 60 years old and in receipt of a pension may claim an annual allowance of US$20,000.
Filing of personal income tax must be completed by April 30th of the following year.
|Taxable Income-US$||Tax Rate %|
|Up to $12,500||Exempt|
|Over $12,500 - $25,000||12.5%|
|Relevant institutions||Barbados Revenue Authority|
Property taxes are charged on undeveloped land as well as on land and buildings. The government conducts a land valuation survey every three years to assess the value of land in the country.
Non-residential properties on which there is a building, including industrial buildings, hotels, etc. are taxed at a rate of 0.95 percent on the improved value of the land. However, rebates are available to select groups, as follows:
Pensioners may benefit from a 60% tax rebate on residential property which they occupy.
There is no inheritance or gifts tax in Barbados. However, on the sale of a property, the vendor is liable for stamp duty at a rate of 1 percent of the sale price, as well as property transfer tax which is levied at a rate of 2.5 percent on the value of the sale price in excess of US$75,000.
The realtor's commission is approximately 5 percent of the sale price, while attorneys' fees for both vendor and buyer range from 1.5 to 2 percent of the sale price.
|Residential - US$||Tax Rate|
|Up to $75,000||Exempt|
|$75,001 - 225,000||0.10%|
|$225,001 - 425,000||0.70%|
|Over $425,000||1.00% up to a maximum of US$50,000|
|Vacant land (over 4,000 sq. ft.)||1.00%|
|Vacant land (less than 4,000 sq. ft.)||0.80%|
|Relevant institutions||Barbados Revenue Authority|
There is no withholding tax on the payment of interest, management fees and royalties to non-residents. Branch profits paid out of income earned outside Barbados are also not subject to branch profits tax. However, branch profits and dividends paid to non-residents out of income earned in Barbados will attract a tax rate of 5 percent.
Residents are subject to a withholding tax of 15 percent on interest and dividends from local sources.
Various indirect taxes are levied on goods and services based on consumption. Value Added Tax (VAT) is applied in most cases, with exemptions for certain items while others are zero-rated. See table below.
|All goods and services except those listed below||17.5|
|Exports, selected food items, international freight services||zero-rated|
|Services to non-residents payable in foreign currency||zero-rated|
|Financial and insurance services, education, sale of real property, villa accommodation||Exempt|
|Water and sewage services provided by the BWA, all medical services, postal services, domestic transport||Exempt|
The Customs and Excise Department processes all goods that are imported to Barbados. The country is guided by the Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System (HS) and the World Trade
Organisation (WTO) Valuation Code, in the classification of goods.
Duties are generally levied at a rate of 0-20 percent of the Cost Insurance and Freight (CIF) value of the goods. However, some products, including motor vehicles, agricultural products and jewellery attract specific rates. For example, motor vehicles, except those for commercial use, attract import duty at a rate of 45 percent; excise tax and VAT are then applied, as indicated in the table below.
|Vehicle Imports (chargeable value = cost+45% import duty)||Tax|
|engine capacity 1,600 cc and under and chargeable value no more than US$27,500||46.95% excise tax, plus 17.5% VAT|
|engine capacity 1,600 cc and under and chargeable value exceeds US$27,500||64.35% excise tax, plus 17.5% VAT|
|engine capacity over 1,600 cc but less than 1,800 cc and chargeable value no more than US$27,500||76.35% excise tax, plus 17.5% VAT|
|engine capacity is over 16,000 cc but no more than 18,000 cc and chargeable value exceeds US$27,500||93.73% excise tax, plus 17.5% VAT|
|engine capacity is more than 18,000 cc and chargeable value exceeds US$27,500||120% excise tax, plus 17.5% VAT|
|commercial vehicles||10% import duty, plus 62.77% excise tax, plus 17.5% VAT|
|What is the procedure?||Revised CARICOM External Tariff|
|Relevant documents||Customs Act CAP 66|
|Relevant institutions||Customs and Excise Department Barbados Investment and Development Corporation (BIDC) Barbados Revenue Authority|
Businesses in the tourism industry, including vacation rentals, are subject to a shared economy levy
of 10 percent and a product development levy of 2.5 percent. Additionally, a room rate
levy is charged as indicated below.
|Type of Accommodation||Rate (BB$ per night)|
|Hotel luxury class||35.00|
|Vacation rental property||3.75% of nightly rate (maximum $35.00/night)|
|Villa||3.75% of nightly rate (maximum $35.00/night)|
Barbados currently has 40 double taxation agreements in force with the following countries:
Austria, Bahrain, Botswana, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Finland, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Panama, Portugal, Qatar, San Marino, Seychelles, Singapore, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UAE, UK, USA, Venezuela and CARICOM (Antigua & Barbuda; Belize; Dominica; Grenada; Guyana; Jamaica; St. Kitts & Nevis; St. Lucia; St. Vincent & The Grenadines; Trinidad & Tobago).
In addition, nine bilateral investment treaties have been concluded with Canada, China, Cuba, Germany, Italy, Mauritius, Switzerland, Venezuela and the United Kingdom.
Barbados has a well developed legal system based on English common law and statutes. The laws are administered by the courts of Barbados, comprised of a lower Magistrates Court and the Supreme Court, with the latter including a Court of Appeal and a High Court. The Attorney General is responsible for administering the country's legal and judicial system.
The final court of Appeal is the Caribbean Court of Justice.
Modern corporate law is based on the Canada Business Corporations Act. Most business entities in Barbados are governed by the Companies Act, CAP 308 and subsequent amendments.
The Constitution of Barbados grants investors the same rights as citizens with respect to protection of investments and expropriation. Property rights are well protected and an independent judiciary guarantees the impartial and effective resolution of disputes. In cases of compulsory acquisition, compensation must be based on the fair market value of the property.
Various other legal provisions, as well as a number of bilateral investment treaties with specific countries, guarantee investors certain rights.
|Relevant documents||The Consitution of Barbados|
Barbados is a transparent, well-regulated jurisdiction committed to the rule of law and the implementation of global business standards. The Minister may revoke an entity's license in certain circumstances, including the following:
Where disputes arise, individuals may seek recourse through Barbados' court system, assured of a fair and unbiased outcome. However, since this process can sometimes be lengthy and cumbersome, alternative methods of dispute resolution are being embraced. International commercial dispute resolution services are offered through the Arbitration and Mediation Court of the Caribbean Inc (AMCC) based in Barbados, while the Alternative Dispute Resolution Association of Barbados deals with domestic cases, placing emphasis on mediation.
Additionally, Barbados has enacted legislation with respect to trade disputes, and an Employment Rights Tribunal has been set up to address cases of unfair dismissal. (see Labour tab).
|Relevant documents||Trade Disputes Act, CAP360|
|Relevant institutions||The Arbitration and Mediation Court of the Caribbean Inc The ADR Association of Barbados Inc. The Barbados Bar Association|
Barbados has concluded nine bilateral investment treaties (BITs) as follows:
BITs with the Republic of Ghana and Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union are awaiting ratification.
|Relevant institutions||International Business Unit|
Investors may freely repatriate foreign currency proceeds from the sale of assets in foreign currency or elect to keep them in a foreign currency account in Barbados. The proceeds are not subject to capital gains tax but permission should be sought from the Exchange Control authority for the sale of real property. Payments of interest, management fees and royalties to non-residents are also free from withholding tax.
Additionally, Barbadians are allowed to open foreign currency denominated bank accounts to hold foreign currency they have earned locally or abroad.
|Relevant institutions||The Central Bank of Barbados|
Barbados has been a member of the United Nation's World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) since 1979. The country is also a signatory to the Paris convention on intellectual property rights and the Nice Agreement, among others. Additionally, Barbados is one of 15 CARIFORUM countries that signed the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between the European Community and CARIFORUM. The EPA places various obligations on parties, including the protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights, specifically requiring countries to implement international treaties dealing with intellectual property, as well as, the WTO Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS).
At the domestic level, Barbados has enacted the following laws in its ongoing commitment to the protection of intellectual property rights.
The Intellectual Property Division of The Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO) is responsible for administering intellectual property rights in Barbados. However, responsibility for registration, protection and enforcement resides with the rights' holder who may file notice with either the Comptroller of Customs, or with the civil or criminal court, as appropriate.
Penalties for competition offences or infringement range from a fine of BB$5,000 or two to six years’ imprisonment, to BB$20,000 or 10 years’ imprisonment. Ongoing offences are subject to an additional fine of BB$500 per day.
|Relevant documents||The Economic Partnership Agreement Trade Marks Act CAP319 Copyright Act CAP300 Patents Act CAP314 Industrial Designs Act 309A Integrated Circuits Act CAP320A Geographical Indications Act CAP320 Protection Against Unfair Competition Act CAP329A Protection of New Plant Varieties Act CAP267|
|Relevant institutions||Corporate Affairs and Intellectual Property Office (CAIPO) Customs and Excise Department|
|Relevant documents||WIPO Berne Convention|
The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883) establishes industrial property protection rules regarding patents, marks, industrial designs, trade names, geographical indications and the repression of unfair competition. Its provisions include regulations regarding the national treatment, the right of priority and a number of common rules.
|Relevant documents||WIPO Paris Convention|
Subsequent to passing the Protection Against Unfair Competition Act in 1998 which relates specifically to intellectual property rights, Barbados introduced The Fair Competition Act in January 2003. This Act allowed for the establishment of the Fair Trading Commission (FTC) which was granted responsibility for promoting and maintaining effective and healthy competition in the Barbados market and the prevention of anti-competitive conduct. In carrying out its functions, the FTC focuses on consumer protection, as well as, the enforcement of regulations with respect to utilities, telecommunications and mergers.
In establishing the FTC, the government of Barbados also met its obligations under CARICOM's Revised Treaty of Chaguaramus which requires member countries to each set up a national competition authority "for the purpose of facilitating the implementation of the rules of competition" at both the domestic and regional level.
Barbados is a service economy with tourism being the most important sector, contributing approximately 1/3 of the country's GDP. Other key sectors include business services (insurance, financial, administrative and support services), wholesale and retail, real estate, construction, mining and quarrying, and manufacturing.
|Relevant institutions||The Central Bank of Barbados|
A number of regional and international agreements provide Barbados manufactured products preferential market access to several countries, including CARICOM member states, Canada and the USA, among others. Barbados is also a member of the World Trade Organisation.
Overseen by the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), established by the Treaty of Chaguaramas in 1973, it allows all goods originating from within CARICOM countries (except the Bahamas) to be traded without restrictions. Most member states also apply a common external tariff (CET) on goods originating from non-CARICOM countries. Investors operating in one CARICOM country are given preferential access to the entire CARICOM market. The Revised Treaty of Chaguaramas establishes the CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME), permitting the free movement of goods, capital and labour within CARICOM States. More information at: http://csmeonline.org.
Signed in 2008 between CARIFORUM's 15 states and the European Union's 27 states, it allows products from CARIFORUM economies 100 percent immediate duty- and quota-free access to the EU. EU access to CARIFORUM markets will however be phased in over 25 years, with protection for 17 percent of CARIFORUM goods and services. The agreement also covers competition, innovation and intellectual property, public procurement, and environmental and labour standards. More information: http://ec.europa.eu/trade/policy/countries-and-regions/regions/caribbean.
|Relevant documents||CARIFORUM-EU Economic Partnership Agreement|
The CBI provides for the United States to reduce tariffs on imports from CBI beneficiary countries if a) they are imported directly from a CBI beneficiary country into the U.S. customs territory; b) they are wholly the growth, product or manufacture of a CBI beneficiary country or are substantially transformed into a new or different article in the CBI beneficiary country; and c) contain a minimum of 35 percent local content of one or more CBI beneficiary countries (15 percent of the minimum content may be from the United States). More information: https://ustr.gov/issue-areas/trade-development/preference-programs/caribbean-basin-initiative-cbi.
|Relevant documents||Trade and Investment Framework Agreement|
The Caribbean-Canada Trade Agreement provides goods originating from the Commonwealth-Caribbean with duty-free access to the Canadian market. Certain goods, such as textiles and apparel, footwear, luggage and handbags are excluded. There are plans to replace this agreement with a reciprocal free trade agreement. More information at: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-98-36/page-1.html
The Trade, Economic and Technical Cooperation Agreement with Colombia was signed in 1994 and entered into force on 1 January 1995. This agreement is a reciprocal one with both parties permitting some goods to be traded with immediate duty-free access, with other products obtaining duty-free status on a phased basis.
The Free Trade Agreement between CARICOM and Costa Rica was signed in March 2004 and entered into force in August 2004. The agreement, is intended to increase trade between CARICOM countries and Costa Rica, and grants reciprocal duty-free or preferential access to a wide range of products. Both parties have agreed to eliminate duties on additional products over a four-year period. The phased period should commence from the date of entry into force of the Agreement.
The More Developed Countries (MDCs) of CARICOM, and Costa Rica have also identified a special list of products which would enjoy differentiated market access. Under this innovative arrangement, the treatments granted are immediate free access upon entry of force of the Agreement; phased reduction of duty; and exclusions.
The CARICOM-Cuba Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement was signed in June 2000. The objectives of the agreement are to strengthen the commercial and economic relations between the parties through (i) the promotion and expansion of trade in goods and services; (ii) the establishment of financial arrangements to facilitate the progressive development of trade between the two parties; (iii) the progressive liberalisation of trade in services; (iv) the encouragement of investment; (v) the development of joint ventures; (vi) the promotion and protection of investment; and (vii) the discouragement of anti-competitive business practices.
The CARICOM/Dominican Republic Framework Agreement was signed on 22 August 1998. This Agreement provisionally entered into force in 2001. This Agreement is wide in scope. Its coverage includes: trade in goods, trade in services, government procurement and intellectual property rights. It also provides for the development of cooperation in a number of areas such as trade financing, the development of economic sectors, and private sector alliances. The More Developed Countries (MDCs) of CARICOM are required to grant reciprocal treatment to goods originating in the Dominican Republic.
In October 1992, the CARICOM/Venezuela Agreement on Trade and Investment was signed and came into force on January 1, 1993. It allowed some CARICOM products immediate duty-free access to the Venezuela market, and additional products on a phased basis.
CARICOM and Venezuela are in the process of revising this non-reciprocal agreement. When revised the Agreement will allow Venezuelan products duty-free access to the markets of the More Developed Country (MDC) members of CARICOM for a list of products to be negotiated between the two parties.
As a part of Barbados’ global business product expansion, the jurisdiction has added the Medicinal Cannabis sector to its suite of investment opportunities. On November 27, 2019, the government of Barbados passed the Medicinal Cannabis Industry Act, 2019 and established the Barbados Medicinal Cannabis License Authority (BMCLA), which is responsible for granting licenses to facilitate the cultivation, processing and dispensing of the product. The industry, through the BMCLA, commenced the application process in January 2021. Barbados’ medicinal cannabis industry is being built to support a locally derived value chain from seed to sale. Barbados’ different soil types along with its climatic conditions lend to a unique product that makes the jurisdiction more attractive to the facilitation of medicinal cannabis. Additionally, the country provides regulatory standards and the capacity for Research and Development (R&D) in the sector.
The Barbados Welcome Stamp was designed for remote workers who wish to live and work in Barbados. It is a special 12-month visa for non-nationals who are resident and employed in a country other than Barbados. The visa allows persons to reside in Barbados for a maximum of 12 months. Welcome Stampers or their dependents cannot work or provide services to individuals or companies in Barbados. They are considered non-resident for income tax purposes and are required to pay taxes in the country in which they are tax resident. However, Barbados is more than a leading tourism destination; the country is also an attractive place from which to conduct global business, offering the combination of a secure and reputable jurisdiction, cost efficient treaty-based business opportunities and a quality lifestyle. Welcome Stampers, Remote Workers and Digital Nomads are encouraged to consider establishing a business in Barbados and take advantage of the investment opportunities the jurisdiction offers.
Barbados has a long tradition in tourism services and continues to be one of the most sought after destinations in the Caribbean. From as far back as the 18th century when Barbados was one of the most important colonies in the British Empire, the island's potential as a tourist destination centred primarily on the health benefits of the climate, in particular, its open landscapes and fresh sea breezes. However, it wasn't until the 1950s that major development of the industry was undertaken, as the country sought to diversify from a monocrop economy dependent on sugar, to one which was oriented towards the development of the services and manufacturing sectors.
For decades tourism has been the mainstay of the Barbados economy, contributing between 12-13 percent to the country's GDP and directly employing 13 percent of the workforce. Barbados welcomes approximately 700,000 long stay visitors and 800,000 cruise passengers annually, 52 percent of whom are repeat visitors. In 2018 there were 6,600 hotel rooms, as well as, 3,000 other accommodation options, such as villas, apartments, Air BnB facilities, etc. Average overall occupancy ranges from 60-65 percent per year.
As a mature destination Barbados offers a diverse and dynamic range of experiences, indeed something for everyone. Tourism authorities continue to refresh and rebrand the product and, in addition to the traditional attractions of sun, sea and sand, have in recent years, focused on heritage, cultural and romance tourism, and on positioning the country as a "home away from home" for visitors. Fotty-five percent of visitors have visited the country before.
The country's Ministry of Tourism recently launched a national tourism programme focusing on further product development within the industry. This five year project is being funded through a US$20 million loan from the Inter- American Development Bank.
The Barbados Tourism Investment Inc. (BTII) was established by the government of Barbados with responsibility for identifying and facilitating investment in tourism projects in the country. Potential investors should contact the BTII directly for further information/requests for proposals on tourism projects including, but not limited to, the following:
The Carlisle Bay Development: covers over 2 km of beachfront land and is a unique tourism investment prospect in any tropical island in the world today. This beachfront land, owned by the government and the private sector, sits on a beautiful crescent bay in front of the historic capital city, Bridgetown and UNESCO site. This development will be the anchor for the complete regeneration of the communities in this urban corridor. The Carlisle Bay Development will include:
Harrison's Point - the proposed development of Harrison’s Point, St. Lucy is a public-private joint venture of BTII and Fairways Development Ltd. The site has an area of approximately 83 acres with a coastline of approximately 1km in length. The proposal is a resort hotel based development with associated real estate developments. It will open to the general public for beach access and other amenities. The project will include use of the Harrison’s Point Lighthouse for public recreation and interpretative facilities.
Tourism projects may benefit from a range of concessions under the Tourism Development Act and the Special Development Area Act.
The government of Barbados has set 2030 as the year when the country will be generating 100 percent of its energy from alternative/renewable energy sources including solar, wind and biomass. Although regarded as an ambitious timeline, the Energy Division of the Ministry of Energy and Water Resources has been working with relevant authorities over the past decade to develop the necessary policy and regulatory framework. The legislation was amended as recently as July 2019 to take into account technological advances in the sector. A growing number of individual homeowners continue to incorporate solar photo-voltaic systems in the design of new residences or to retrofit existing ones, some of them selling the excess power generated to the Barbados Light and Power Company, which recently improved its buyback scheme, allowing up to 1 megawatt.
Currently 160 megawatts of alternative energy is used throughout the island at peak demand periods. According to the Energy Division, the goal is to achieve 660 megawatts by 2030 with sources including offshore wind and ocean thermal energy generation. It is envisioned that 50 percent of this capacity will be available to foreign investors.
Interest in electric vehicles also continues to grow, with 400 in use at present.
The Barbados Renewable Energy Association (BREA) is concerned with energy efficiency and the growth of alternative energy in the country. Barbados is a member of the Caribbean Centre for Renewable Energy (CREE).
As a leading tourist destination known for its excellent quality of life, Barbados is well placed to take advantage of opportunities in the medical tourism sector. Indeed, the island's healing qualities such as fresh sea breezes, clean open spaces and perennial sunshine, were among the reasons the country was recommended to young George Washington in 1751, as the place where he should bring his ailing brother, Lawrence to recuperate, which ultimately proved to be sound advice.
Today, Barbados' modern infrastructure, easy international accessibility, good quality healthcare standards and skilled medical professionals, enhance the country's attractiveness as a medical tourism centre. At the forefront of delivering these services is the Barbados Fertility Centre, the only Joint Commission International accredited IVF facility in the Caribbean, which has been providing IVF treatment to clients from Barbados, the Caribbean, North America, UK and Europe since 2002. The Barbados Fertility centre has recorded average success rates of 67%, among the highest in the world.
The 4H Hospital at the Sparman Clinic is a concierge medical facility that caters to the needs of both local, regional and international clients. Main services offered are cardiac care and cosmetic surgery.
Premiere Surgical Centre is a new
state of the art facility dedicated to offering a safe and professional
environment for outpatient and ambulatory procedures. Specialties include neurosurgery, orthopedics, plastic surgery, urology and dental services, among others.
The Barbados authorities are committed to creating the appropriate enabling environment to ensure the further growth of this sector.
Since 2012 Barbados has been benefiting from the increasing demand for international medical training, with the establishment of the country's first offshore medical school, the American University of Barbados (AUB). From an initial enrolment of 11 students, the AUB now caters to a student body of approximately 300, offering a four, as well as, a five and half year, US model medical degree programme. AUB uses modern innovative teaching techniques including interactive methods such as 3D animations and video games.
By January 2019 the number of medical schools in Barbados had increased to seven to include the Ross University School of Medicine, a division of the US based Adtalem Global Education. According to company officials, among the reasons they chose Barbados as the new home for Ross were:
Students are drawn primarily from Canada, the USA, India and Nigeria.
As is the case with medical tourism, medical schools not only generate necessary foreign exchange, but also provide many other spin-off benefits for the economy, especially in the areas of tourism/hospitality, accommodation and transportation, among others.
With an established reputation as a leading centre for financial services within the Caribbean, Barbados is also home to the first blockchain start-up in the region - Bitt.com. Founded in 2014 by two Barbadians, Bitt secured a major investment from a well known USA corporation in 2016, significantly spurring the growth of the company. Bitt's success has encouraged other start-ups, primarily from Canada, to enter the Barbados market. The Central Bank of Barbados and the Financial Services Commission have since launched a regulatory sandbox to facilitate further growth of the sector via investment from both domestic and international sources.
Bitt is also working with other regional territories that are embracing the technology, in particular, St. Kitts whose Central Bank is expected to soon launch a digital currency.
Traditionally Barbados' real estate market has represented a very attractive investment opportunity, particularly for persons from the UK who prefer the more exclusive west coast of the island, sometimes referred to as the "platinum coast." There are no restrictions on foreign ownership in Barbados but Central Bank permission is required for the purchase of real estate.
Non-nationals who invest at least US$2 million in real estate and meet the necessary requirements, may be eligible for a special entry permit (see Labour tab-work permits).
Following a period of decline due to the 2008 global financial crisis, the real estate market in Barbados experienced a resurgence during 2018. Although not yet at pre-2008 levels, real estate transactions have shown encouraging growth and, with the return of investor confidence, optimism is high that this upward trajectory will continue. It is anticipated that the Government's Planning Law Reform, which seeks to foster a more structured, efficient planning process, will spur further development of the sector.There is a wide selection of real estate agents in Barbados who offer a range of services, including property valuation and management.
Once dominated by the production of raw sugar for export, Barbados' agricultural sector is now focused on food security and mitigating the effects of climate change. Over the years the country's food import bill has resulted in the outflow of unacceptably high levels of foreign exchange. This is despite growth in areas such as domestic poultry and pork production, as well as, small ruminants where livestock such as sheep, goats and rabbits are reared. Additionally, the authorities instituted a land lease programme where interested local small farmers have access to plots of government owned land, at concessionary rates, for food production.
More recently, the government introduced a farmers' empowerment and enfranchisement drive (FEED), a programme aimed at reducing agricultural imports and fostering national food security. According to the Barbados Agricultural Development and Marketing Corporation, which is responsible for administering the programme, some of the goals are:
The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus has also announced plans to develop the "UWI-Dukes Agri-business Development Park" on over 28 acres of land granted to the university by the owners of Dukes Plantation. It is envisaged that the park will be used for farming, agro-processing, cutting-edge agri-business research, chocolate manufacturing, cotton processing and will also include a training facility and food standards laboratory, among other services.
At the same time, a number of young entrepreneurs have been employing technology to pursue opportunities in hydroponic farming and aquaculture. This is regarded as an area with significant potential, particularly in view of the limited land space (27,000 acres) available for traditional agriculture.
Following extensive research and recommendations from various stakeholders, the government is fine-tuning its policy for the development of a medical marijuana industry in the country.
The Ministry of Agriculture offers a number of incentives to drive growth in the sector, including assistance with market research and duty free importation of equipment, etc. Access to financing, up to BDS$1 million, is also provided via the Agricultural Development Fund.
|Relevant documents||Agricultural Development Fund Act|
|Relevant institutions||Ministry of Agriculture The Barbados Agricultural Development and Marketing Corporation|
Barbados has a long history in the provision of quality business services to clients across the globe. Traditionally, this has been in areas such as financial services including insurance, banking, wealth and asset management, among others; accounting; legal; advisory and consultancy services, as well as a range of information and communication technology related services including, business/ knowledge process outsourcing, market research, digital multi-media and software development.
The growth of this sector has been made possible through the country's ongoing investment in education which has resulted in the creation of a cadre of well qualified, skilled industry professionals committed to delivering high quality services in adherence with international best practice standards. Additionally, the availability of a wide selection of good quality office accommodation and other business services locally continue to add to Barbados' appeal as a domicile for these services. It is anticipated that recent amendments to Barbados' business legislation including the convergence of corporate tax rates will generate further opportunities for the country in this key sector.
For decades Barbadian talent has found creative expression through music, dance, fashion, drama, visual arts, and related disciplines. Some, such as The Merrymen and Rihanna, have achieved international acclaim. The Cultural Industries Development Act sought to address this by providing the regulatory framework to harness the potential of the industry and to facilitate its growth and development. The Act established the Cultural Industries Development Authority (BCIDA) with responsibility for, among other things, promoting the industry and assisting cultural practitioners in accessing funding. In April 2019 the BCIDA was merged with the National Cultural Foundation.
The Government has also announced its intention to re-establish a national school for dance, as well as, a national school for the performing arts. In addition, the national Film Commission will be equipped to play a leading role in positioning Barbados as an attractive domicile for film and video productions and strategic co-productions, as well as, supporting the further development of a local film industry.
Co-founder of the Barbados film festival, Senator, Dr. Sir Trevor Carmichael, is of the view that such festivals “have the ability to not only bring people to Barbados, but to bring in revenue...and also provide opportunities for young local filmmakers to learn from more experienced counterparts.” As interest in this sector grows, the Barbados film industry appears to be on an upward trajectory, with a recent production having attracted international attention.
|Relevant documents||Cultural Industries Development Act|
|Relevant institutions||National Cultural Foundation Caribbean Association of Composers, Authors and Publishers (COSCAP)|
Overall investors were attracted by Barbados's skills base, its role as a shipping hub, its legal system and encouragement of financial technologies. It was felt that reforms to the tax and business environment were starting to pay off. Importantly, the correspondent banking issue appeared to have been resolved. Investors suggested new sectors of opportunity for Barbados as a logistics hub and an insurance industry hub, as well as, sales and customer support services.
Barbados is considered one of the most developed countries in the Caribbean with a sophisticated business environment, which is just one of the reasons it continues to be attractive to investors. Other appealing attributes are as follows:
|Country area||166 sq. miles/ 430 sq.km.|
|Population||271,021 (2020 est)|
|Administrative regions||Barbados is comprised of 11 parishes|
|Local currency||Barbados dollar (BDS$)|
|Exchange rate||BDS$2.00 = US$1.00|
|Other national language(s)||Bajan (dialect)|
|Nominal GDP (2020 P)||US$4.7 B|
|GDP per Capita (2020 P)||US$14,600|
|Major trading partners||CARICOM, USA, UK, Canada, Germany, Japan|